In absence of availability of exact dates of his birth and date, the periods of their rules i. Viswanatha was born to an illustrious family of scholars and poets. His grandfather, Narayana Dasa, wrote a commentary on Gitagovinda , the most well-known Sanskrit work in the Vaishnavite tradition, written by Jayadeva , another major Sanskrit poet from Kalinga , who lived in circa AD. Narayana Dasa's brother, Chandi Dasa, wrote a commentary on Kavyaprakasha , an earlier work on poetics, written by aesthetician Mammatha. Viswantha's father, Chandrashekhara also wrote a few poems.
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In absence of availability of exact dates of his birth and date, the periods of their rules i. Viswanatha was born to an illustrious family of scholars and poets. His grandfather, Narayana Dasa, wrote a commentary on Gitagovinda , the most well-known Sanskrit work in the Vaishnavite tradition, written by Jayadeva , another major Sanskrit poet from Kalinga , who lived in circa AD.
Narayana Dasa's brother, Chandi Dasa, wrote a commentary on Kavyaprakasha , an earlier work on poetics, written by aesthetician Mammatha. Viswantha's father, Chandrashekhara also wrote a few poems.
Both Viswanatha and his father held the titles of ministers of war and peace Sandhivigrahika Mahapatra in the courts of the kings of Kalinga.
Viswanatha was not just prolific he was equally versatile. Apart from studying and researching aesthetics, he created a number of literary works, in all the branches of literature — poetry, prose, criticism, and drama. He wrote equally easily in Sanskrit and Prakrit. Viswanatha is supposed to have mastered eighteen languages. In fact, he wrote one of his works, Prasasti Ratnavali in sixteen languages [ citation needed ].
Some of his major works include Chandrakala Natika playlet , Prabhavati Parinaya drama , Raghava Vilasa long poem , Raghava Vilapa poem , Kuvalayasva Charita poem in Prakrit , Prasasti Ratnavali poem in sixteen languages , Narasimha Vijaya poem , Sahityadarpana study in aesthetics , Kavyaprakasha darpana criticism , Kamsavadha poem , and Lakshmistava verses.
Sahityadarpana "mirror of composition" in Sanskrit is Viswanatha's most famous work and arguably one of the most comprehensive works in Indian aesthetics.
Sahityadarpana is different from earlier works in aesthetics in two major ways. One, for the first time, it combined, in one treatise, both the sravya aspect poetics and drisya aspect dramaturgy of aesthetics.
Before Viswanatha, aestheticians had confined themselves largely to one aspect, though they often referred to the other. Also, while earlier writers on the subject, had by and large confined themselves to their own school of thought, only referring intermittently, if at all to other schools, Viswanatha, in Sahityadarpana , explicitly discussed all schools and thoughts of Indian aesthetics, before arguing the superiority of the dhvani school.
Viswanatha concludes that rasa dhvani is what defines poetry. Sahityadrpana's definition of poetry — vakyam rasatmakam kavyam any composition which gives tasteful pleasure is poetry has been cited most frequently by modern critics while defining poetry. Rasa , a complex concept used in Sanskrit aesthetics, from first century onwards, is conceptually fairly similar to what T. Eliot , centuries later, called objective correlative. Sahityadarpana has ten chapters. In the first chapter, it defines poetry.
In the second chapter, it defines what a sentence or composition is. In the third — and one of the most important — it defines rasa. The other important chapters are chapter six, which deals with dramaturgy, and the ninth and tenth chapters. The former deals with riti s or styles, while the last chapter explains the theories with examples. Sahityadarpana has often been criticised as being more a compilation than an original work.
However, even its harshest critics agree that it is the most comprehensive work on the subject. Many also particularly point to the lucid style of Sahityadarpana as one of the prime reasons for its popularity in large parts of India, from the Deccan to Kashmir.
Sahitya Akademi, Delhi India has recently published a book on the life and works of Vishvanatha Kaviraja, under its 'Makers of Indian Literature' series. The page book has been authored by Professor Ananta Charan Sukla , an eminent writer and philosopher of art, religion and language. The book attempts at offering a comprehensive account of his treatment of poetry, presents the historical data in its theoretical perspectives, surveys the development of Sanskrit poetics from the earlier times till his entry, and discusses different topics he considered relevant for a complete examination and assessment of the subject matter he deals with such as the definition, structure and end of poetry.
The book has two long chapters with an elaborate introduction to the life and works of Vishvanatha providing all historical data. While the first chapter deals with Sanskrit poetics in the making, the second one discusses Vishvanatha's theory of poetry explaining the intricate structure of his poetics. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Indian poet. This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. Retrieved 11 May Acknowledging Visvanatha Kaviraja as the author of Sahitya-darpana. Categories : Indian male poets Dramatists and playwrights from Odisha Sanskrit dramatists and playwrights Indian literary critics Indian male dramatists and playwrights 14th-century Indian dramatists and playwrights 15th-century Indian dramatists and playwrights 14th-century Indian poets 15th-century Indian poets Poets from Odisha.
Sahityadarpana, Sāhityadarpaṇa, Sahitya-darpana: 4 definitions
It is divided into ten sections. The first section deals with the nature and definition of poetry. The second treats of various powers of a word Vrttis. The third treats of sentiments Rasa. The fourth treats of the divisions of poetry.
Sahitya-darpana : with English translation and an original Sanskrit commentary
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Sahityadarpana means something in Hinduism , Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article. The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts.