LORENZO VALLA DONATION OF CONSTANTINE PDF

Lorenzo Valla — was the leading theorist of the Renaissance humanist movement and the author of major works on Latin style, scholastic logic, and other topics. This volume provides a new translation with introduction and notes by G. Bowersock, commissioned for the I Tatti Renaissance Library, along with a translation of the Donation of Constantine document itself. A distinguished historian, humanist, and classical scholar, Lorenzo Valla was also the author of several works of philosophical importance.

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Based on legends that date back to the 5th century, the Donation was composed by an unknown writer in the 8th century.

Although it had only limited impact at the time of its compilation , it had great influence on political and religious affairs in medieval Europe until it was clearly demonstrated to be a forgery by Lorenzo Valla in the 15th century.

The origins of the Donation of Constantine are bound up with the political transformation that took place on the Italian peninsula in the mid-8th century, even though the exact date of its composition remains uncertain estimates range from to The document has been associated with the coronations of Pippin in and Charlemagne in , as well as with papal efforts to secure independence from the Byzantine Empire or to undermine Byzantine territorial claims in Italy.

The consensus view is that the Donation was written in the s or s by a cleric of the Lateran in Rome, possibly with the knowledge of Pope Stephen II or III; — if the earlier date is correct. The Donation was based on the Legenda S. It begins with the tale of the conversion of Constantine to Christianity after Sylvester I miraculously cured him of leprosy. Constantine then declares the importance of Rome to the church because it is the city of the apostles Peter and Paul. He next grants administrative rights to Sylvester and his successors over estates granted to churches throughout the empire.

Most importantly, Constantine gives the pope control of the imperial palace in Rome and all the regions of the Western Empire; this effectively conveys the notion that the pope has the right to appoint secular rulers in the West. The earliest extant manuscript of the Donation, from the 9th century, was inserted into the collection known as the False Decretals. Leo IX —54 was the first pope to cite it as an authority in an official act, and subsequent popes used it in their struggles with the Holy Roman emperors and other secular leaders.

Doubts about the document, however, were voiced about the year by Otto III and his supporters. In Lorenzo Valla showed that the Latin used in the document was not that of the 4th century. Donation of Constantine. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.

See Article History. Britannica Quiz. Famous Documents. Who was the main author of The Communist Manifesto? Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. The pope returned the…. He rejected this forgery, which purported to list the rights and properties conferred on Pope Sylvester I. Otto supported the claims of the Italian bishops against the lesser aristocracy, who were attempting to make their lands, which they leased from the church,….

According to this document, the emperor Constantine in the 4th century had granted to Pope Sylvester I and his successors spiritual supremacy and temporal dominion over…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox!

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On the Donation of Constantine

The Donation of Constantine Latin : Donatio Constantini is a forged Roman imperial decree Diplom by which the 4th-century emperor Constantine the Great supposedly transferred authority over Rome and the western part of the Roman Empire to the Pope. Composed probably in the 8th century, it was used, especially in the 13th century, in support of claims of political authority by the papacy. Lorenzo Valla , an Italian Catholic priest and Renaissance humanist , is credited with first exposing the forgery with solid philological arguments in —, [3] although the document's authenticity had been repeatedly contested since Particular churches.

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Lorenzo Valla

Lorenzo Valla c. In his Elegantiae linguae Latinae , an advanced handbook of Latin language and style, he gave the humanist program some of its most trenchant and combative formulations, bringing the study of Latin to an unprecedented level. He made numerous contributions to classical scholarship. But he also used his vast knowledge of the classical languages and their literatures as a tool to criticize a wide range of ideas, theories, and established practices. He compared, for the first time, St. In his Repastinatio dialectice et philosophie Re-ploughing of Dialectic and Philosophy , also known as his Dialectics , he attacked scholastic-Aristotelian thought from an essentially linguistic point of view. Valla did not have an easy life.

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Donation of Constantine

Based on legends that date back to the 5th century, the Donation was composed by an unknown writer in the 8th century. Although it had only limited impact at the time of its compilation , it had great influence on political and religious affairs in medieval Europe until it was clearly demonstrated to be a forgery by Lorenzo Valla in the 15th century. The origins of the Donation of Constantine are bound up with the political transformation that took place on the Italian peninsula in the mid-8th century, even though the exact date of its composition remains uncertain estimates range from to The document has been associated with the coronations of Pippin in and Charlemagne in , as well as with papal efforts to secure independence from the Byzantine Empire or to undermine Byzantine territorial claims in Italy.

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