LLMC 1996 PDF

The LLMC Convention sets specified limits of liability for two types of claims against shipowners - claims for loss of life or personal injury, and property claims such as damage to other ships, property or harbour works. Taking into account the experience of incidents, as well as inflation rates, the limits set in the Protocol have, in recent years, been seen to be inadequate to cover the costs of claims, especially those arising from incidents involving bunker fuel spills. The new limits are expected to enter into force 36 months from the date of adoption, on 19 April , under the tacit acceptance procedure. The Convention provides for a virtually unbreakable system of limiting liability.

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The LLMC Convention sets specified limits of liability for two types of claims against shipowners - claims for loss of life or personal injury, and property claims such as damage to other ships, property or harbour works. Taking into account the experience of incidents, as well as inflation rates, the limits set in the Protocol have, in recent years, been seen to be inadequate to cover the costs of claims, especially those arising from incidents involving bunker fuel spills.

The new limits are expected to enter into force 36 months from the date of adoption, on 19 April , under the tacit acceptance procedure. The Convention provides for a virtually unbreakable system of limiting liability. The limit of liability for claims for loss of life or personal injury on ships not exceeding 2, gross tonnage is 3.

For larger ships, the following additional amounts are used in calculating the limitation amount:. The general question of limitation of liability for maritime claims was dealt with in the International Convention Relating to the Limitation of the Liability of Owners of Seagoing Ships, which was signed in Brussels in , and came into force in The compensation limits of the Convention were raised by means of the Protocol adopted in , and now revised in The IMO Web site is at: www.

New limits: Under the amendments to the Protocol, the limits are raised as follows: The limit of liability for claims for loss of life or personal injury on ships not exceeding 2, gross tonnage is 3. April PDF Version.

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1996 Protocol to the 1976 Limitation Convention comes into force

Article 2 Article 3, subparagraph a of the Convention is replaced by the following text: a claims for salvage, including, if applicable , any claim for special compensation under article 14 of the International Convention on Salvage , as amended, or contribution in general average; Article 3 Article 6, paragraph 1 of the Convention is replaced by the following text: 1. The limits of liability for claims other than those mentioned in article 7, arising on any distinct occasion, shall be calculated as follows: a in respect of claims for loss of life or personal injury, i 2 million Units of Account for a ship with a tonnage not exceeding 2, tons, ii for a ship with a tonnage in excess thereof, the following amount in addition to that mentioned in i : for each ton from 2, to 30, tons, Units of Account; for each ton from 30, to 70, tons, Units of Account; and for each ton in excess of 70, tons, Units of Account, b in respect of any other claims, i 1 million Units of Account for a ship with a tonnage not exceeding 2, tons, ii for a ship with a tonnage in excess thereof, the following amount in addition to that mentioned in i : for each ton from 2, to 30, tons, Units of Account; for each ton from 30, to 70, tons, Units of Account; and for each ton in excess of 70, tons, Units of Account. Article 4 Article 7, paragraph 1 of the Convention is replaced by the following text: In respect of claims arising on any distinct occasion for loss of life or personal injury to passengers of a ship, the limit of liability of the shipowner thereof shall be an amount of , Units of Account multiplied by the number of passengers which the ship is authorized to carry according to the ship's certificate. Article 5 Article 8, paragraph 2 of the Convention is replaced by the following text: 2. Paragraphs 2 and 3 of article 6 apply correspondingly to subparagraphs a and b of this paragraph. Article 6 The following text is added as paragraph 3bis in article 15 of the Convention: 3bis Notwithstanding the limit of liability prescribed in paragraph 1 of article 7, a State Party may regulate by specific provisions of national law the system of liability to be applied to claims for loss of life or personal injury to passengers of a ship, provided that the limit of liability is not lower than that prescribed in paragraph I of article 7. A State Party which makes use of the option provided for in this paragraph shall inform the Secretary-General of the limits of liability adopted or of the fact that there are none.

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1996 LLMC Protocol - Limits of Liability Increased

It also provides for the limits to be amended by means of tacit acceptance. With effect from 29 December , the Protocol will be implemented in Singapore following amendments to the Merchant Shipping Act pursuant to the partial commencement of the Merchant Shipping Miscellaneous Amendments Act The implementation of the Protocol does not apply in relation to any liability arising out of an occurrence which took place before 29 December According to the Minister for Transport, the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore will implement the amendments to the Protocol and, with that, raise the liability limits to the limits as required of all contracting states of the Protocol by updating the Schedule of the Merchant Shipping Act. The following materials are available on the Singapore Statutes Online website sso. Circular No.

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Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims (LLMC)

The limit of liability for property claims for ships not exceeding 2, gross tonnage is 1 million SDR. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Turn on more accessible mode.

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