Copied with thanks from the International Socialism Website. Drawing on existing research and extensive interviews conducted in Bolivia over the period July—September , it theorises the underlying conception of the state that exists in the new administration, including the various dynamic relations between the state apparatus and the large body of social and indigenous movements. It questions whether what is developing in Bolivia truly holds the potential to result in a radically new form of grassroots governance or whether the rhetoric of the government only serves to conceal what is really just another brand of centralised and authoritarian political decision-making. For little over 20 years following the passing of Decreto Supremo  , representative democracy in Bolivia was dominated by the Washington Consensus.
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ILO is a specialized agency of the United Nations. Decree No. Supreme Decree No. Act No. Ley Decree Supreme of February 19 of That regulates conditions for security in employment of parents in public and private sectors.
Decreto Supremo Decree Supreme No that creates an incentive- bonus mother-child for a safe motherhood. Decree supreme No of May 6th promoting breastfeeding. National plan to equality of opportunities bolivia.
Maternity protection is conferred by the Labour Code and covers working women in the public and private sectors, with the exception of those employed in the agricultural sector. There are not qualifying conditions General Labour Act. Domestic workers are entitled to 45 days before and 45 days after confinement. Historical data year indicates year of data collection : Twelve weeks : Sixty days : Sixty days. There is not extension provided for multiple births. In case of illness or complications, the period of leave is indefinite.
Not provided General Labour Act. Women employed in the public and private sectors. Women workers who have paid at least 4 monthly contributions in the 12 months immediately preceding the date of payment of prenatal cash benefit. Up to 45 days before and 45 days after confinement. Social insurance system. Historical data year indicates year of data collection : Social insurance system. The National Maternity and Child Insurance envisaged medical assistance for maternity, with universal coverage for women during pregnancy and up to 6 months after confinement, as well as for new-born infants and children under five years old.
Funds from the General Treasury and municipal funds. During breastfeeding, women are entitled to daily rest periods of not less than one hour. Not expressly mentioned in the General Labour Act.
The Labour Code establishes a duty in the head of employers with more than fifty workers to maintain nursing rooms. More recent legislation establishes this duty in the head of all private and public institutions without further conditions.
Act No of August 15 of It is forbidden to hire: Minors under 14 years old. Minors under 18 years old in work beyond their strength. Female working day shall not exceed 40 weekly hours. S Women workers in general shall be employed only during the day. Not expressly prohibited. However, as it was already mentioned, female working hours shall not exceed 40 hours per week. Not expressly provided for pregnancy. General Labour Act. It is forbidden to women and minors under 18 years old to perform hazardous, painful or harmful work to their health or moral.
A pregnant woman worker whose employment requires her to carry out work that may affect her health is entitled to special treatment that will allow her to carry out her activities in appropriate conditions, without her wage level or her position being affected. Every employer that employs women and minors shall take all safety measures in order to guarantee their health and comfort at work. Employers of women and minors shall adopt safety measures to guarantee their health and comfort at workplace.
If the work place involves efforts that affect their health, Pregnant worker deserve special treatment that allows them to develop their activities in appropriate conditions, without affecting their salary level and status in the workplace. Not expressly provided. Nevertheless, if the work place involves efforts that affect their health, Pregnant worker deserve special treatment that allows them to develop their activities in appropriate conditions, without affecting their salary level and status in the workplace.
General Labour Act Act No. Pregnant workers are entitle to maternity paid leave, 30 days before and 30 days after confinement or during a longer period if an illness ensue. Parents cannot be dismissed except for just cause attributable to them, and their wages and job cannot be altered. Pregnant women shall be prohibited from carrying heavy loads.
It is forbidden to employ women in underground tunnels, kilns, mills of minerals, and generally in all those works that present a hazard of intoxication, which give off deleterious gases or vapors or noxious fumes.
Decree Supreme of January 22 of Decree No. Not expressly prohibited, however, there is a general prohibition on female work in hazardous or harmful works. There is a principle of non-discrimination in order to exclude any differentiation between workers that perform the same job. General Labour Act Decree Supreme Exception are provided in case of just cause of dismissal attributable to mother or father or temporary jobs.
Summaries and full texts in the TRAVAIL Legal Database are provided for information purposes only and are not intended to replace consultation of the authentic legal texts. We update the database regularly but are unable to guarantee that the laws it contains are always complete, accurate and the most recent version. Please contact us if you have updated information.
Contact us. Legal indicators for decent work.
Bolivia - Maternity protection - 2011
ILO is a specialized agency of the United Nations. Employer means an individual or corporate entity which provides opportunity of employment, on its own account or on behalf of others, for the carrying out or operation of an enterprise or undertaking. Shall mean what the employee or worker receives in payment for work. The legislation states that the Ministry of Labour fixes the minimum wage taking into account geographic and economic regions and categories of workers. In practice, it is the President, together with the Council of Ministers, who fixes the minimum wage by supreme decree. There is one general minimum wage rate applicable to salaried employees and wage earning employees in both the private and public sector.
Bolivia - Minimum Wages - 2009
A plan was drawn by Jeffrey Sachs , Professor at Harvard University , and at that time active as economic adviser to the Bolivian government. Bolivia was the first country where Jeffrey Sachs could test his theories. Additionally, the World Bank began lending money to the country again. The main "shock therapy" measures of decree in Bolivia were:.
Morales and the Bolivian state