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This book is also commonly called al-Bihar in brief. Writing of this book which is a collection of Shi'a teachings, lasted more than 30 years and a group of al-'Allama al-Majlisi's students helped him in this task. The author has organized the book based on 25 general topics and thus in 25 volumes. However, nowadays it is published in volumes.
In every volume, the author has collected related subtopics in different chapters. In every chapter then, he first has mentioned verses of the Qur'an related with that issue together with their interpretations and then has mentioned hadiths related to that chapter.
Al-Majlisi has tried to cover all common topics and issues in Bihar al-anwar ; for example, this collection begins with the book of "al-'Aql wa l-jahl" wisdom and ignorance and continues with topics about theology , Oneness of God tawhid , divine justice and the history of the prophets.
From volume 15 to volume 53 of the volume set is dedicated to the life and merits of the Prophet s , Lady Fatima s , and Shi'a Imams a. Due to its maximum number of hadiths narrated from Shi'a Imams a , chaptering of topics, explanation of hadiths, various theological, historical, jurisprudential , exegetical , ethical , hadith, and lexical researches, Bihar al-anwar has a great position among researchers; so that regardless of its many volumes, since its first publication, many manuscript copies of that were written and with later development of printing industry, all or parts of it have been frequently printed.
Muhammad Baqir b. Muhammad Taqi b. He was among the nobilities of Shi'a at the time of Safavids. He was an expert in different Islamic sciences such as exegesis , hadith , jurisprudence , usul , history, rijal , diraya , philosophy , logic, mathematics, literature, lexicon, geography, medicine, astronomy, and occult sciences.
In the introduction of Bihar al-anwar , al-Majlisi explained his goal of writing the book as,. He also tried to collect those references which were about to be lost and thus referred to those books which were abandoned due to excessive attention to the Four Books , the corrupt intentions, lack of attention of the ignorant and the enemies of the Ahl al-Bayt a. He also said that, "No book like this has ever been written and no one has superseded me in this and I hope this book will be the reference of scholars and seekers of knowledge for all those who seek the knowledge of Imams a until the rise of the Upriser a of the Ahl al-Bayt a.
To write this book, al-Majlisi sent many of his students to different cities and countries to find available hadith books and manuscripts. Al-Majlisi could well manage all the works needed, so he only sent his students to collect and write verses of the Qur'an and hadiths under the titles he organized. The rest of selections from text and writing the final draft was done by Allama himself. Al-Majlisi chose titles for the front cover of every book and organized titles in every book.
He began every chapter with verses of the glorious Qur'an which were either directly related or through different historical, hadith and exegetical evidences they were related with the title; then he brought quotations from different exegetes usually Amin al-Islam al-Tabrisi and Fakhr al-Din al-Razi and then he mentioned hadiths related with any title together with their references.
He sometimes narrated a part of a hadith and brought it in full elsewhere more appropriate he sometimes mentioned where he had brought the hadith in full and also, if necessary, he explained the meaning of hadiths. His explanations are not found in the volumes copied by his students. Although al-Majlisi benefited from the assistance of some scholars, financial help of Safavid government, and different privileges and facilities for gathering sources for the process of writing Bihar al-anwar , according to available manuscripts and other evidences, he-after achieving scientific degrees and writing most of his books-did the main job himself.
As an encyclopedia of the legacy of the Ahl al-Bayt a , Bihar al-anwar has always had a great and important position in the scientific tradition of Shi'a. Aqa Buzurg Tihrani says, " Bihar al-anwar is a comprehensive book which contains the narrations of the Ahl al-Bayt a ; accurate researches, better than which cannot be found and it must be said that similar to this book has neither been written in the past, nor would ever be written in the future.
Imam Khomeini wrote, " Bihar al-anwar is the work of the great scholar of hadith, Muhammad Baqir al-Majlisi which contains nearly books and treatises; Bihar al-anwar is itself a library and its author wrote it when he saw that many hadiths books are about to be lost and wasted due to their small size and being less accessed. The important point about writing of Bihar al-anwar is that the author's limited usage of the Four Books made it a less important jurisprudential reference and even though it has a great coverage of other fields in Shi'a culture, it is not used in jurisprudential discussions as a common reference.
Also, the type of analyses al-'Allama al-Majlisi gives about hadiths have been made in moderate Akhbari atmosphere and even where he faces rational issues, he criticizes that with a theological approach based on the apparent meaning, not with a rational and philosophical approach; therefore, some Shi'a scholars believe that al-'Allama al-Majlisi's explanations and comments are not accurate enough. At the beginning of the book, al-'Allama al-Majlisi mentioned Shi'a books written by 25 authors as the sources.
He has also benefited from Sunni sources for proving and approving Shi'a hadiths the number of which reaches In writing Bihar al-anwar , he has also benefited from lexical sources and commentaries as well. Al-'Allama al-Majlisi also mentions some sources during the writing process of the book. Below, the titles of the books of Bihar al-anwar based on the lithograph print 25 volume set and the contemporary print volume set are listed:.
The most important and famous book written about Bihar al-anwar is Shaykh 'Abbas Qummi 's Safinat al-bihar. Sayyid Athar Husayn S. Rizvi has translated the volume 13 of Bihar al-anwar titled as the Promised Mahdi. Jump to: navigation , search. Bihar al-anwar book. Main article: Muhammad Baqir al-Majlisi. Volumes 11 to 14 Kitab fi ahwal al-anbiya' wa qisasihim , about the biographies of prophets a and their stories in 82 chapters.
Volumes 15 to 22 Kitab fi ahwal nabiyyina al-akram a wa ahwal jumlat min aba'ih , containing the biography of the Holy Prophet s and some of his forefathers, explaining the truth of miracles and the miracle of the Qur'an , biographies of Abu Dharr , Salman , 'Ammar , Miqdad and some other great companions , in 72 chapters.
Volumes 23 to 27 Kitab fi mushtarakat ahwal al-a'imma a , about the common states of Imams a , requirements of Imamate , their Wilaya , unusual attributes and their superiority over the previous prophets a , rewards for loving them, merits of their posterity and some debates of scholars, in chapters. Volumes 28 to 34 Kitab fi l-fitan ba'd al-Nabi s , about the mischiefs made after the Prophet s , conduct of caliphs and what happened during their rules, Battle of Jamal , Battle of Siffin , Battle of Nahrawan , Mu'awiya 's plundering of Iraq , biographies of some of Imam 'Ali's a companions, commentary on some of poems attributed to him and the commentary of some of Imam's letters, in 62 chapters.
Volumes 35 to 42 Kitab fi ahwal Amir al-Mu'minin a min wiladatih ila shahdatih about the biography of Imam 'Ali a from his birthday to his martyrdom , biography of Abu Talib , the father of 'Ali a , his faith , and the faith of some of the companions of Imam 'Ali a and hadiths about Imamate of Imams a , in chapters. Volumes 46 to 48 Kitab fi ahwal al-a'immat al-arba'a ba'd al-Husayn a about the biographies of the four Imams a after Imam al-Husayn a i. Imam al-Rida a , Imam al-Taqi a , Imam al-Hadi a and Imam al-'Askari , and the biographies of some of their companions, in 39 chapters.
Volumes 51 to 53 Kitab fi ahwal al-Hujjat al-Muntazar aj , about the life of Imam al-Mahdi a in 36 chapters. Volumes 54 to 63 Kitab fi l-sama' wa l-'alam , about the sky, the world and its creation , its elements such as heavenly creatures, angels , jinns , human beings, animals, matter, and prey. The method of killing the animals, edibles and beverages and the whole books of Tibb al-Nabi s and Tibb al-Rida a , in chapters.
Volumes 64 to 76 Kitab fi l-iman wa l-kufr , about faith and disbelief in three parts, first: faith and its requirement, qualities of believers, their merits, the merit of Shi'a and their description, second: Good manner, what causes people's survival from the catastrophes of the world, third: disbelief and its branches and vices organized, in chapters. Volume 77 Kitab al-ziy wa l-tajammul fi l-adab wa l-sunan about manners, traditions, ornaments and decorations, hygiene, using kuhl, perfumes, night vigil , sleeping, traveling, prohibitions and cardinal sins , in chapters.
Volumes 78 to 88 Kitab al-rawda about advice and maxims in 73 chapters. Volumes 89 to 91 Kitab fi l-taharat wa l-salat in two parts: purity in 6 chapters, and second part about prayer in chapters, plus Shadhan b.
Jabra'il al-Qummi 's treatise of Izahat al-'illa. Also, the whole of Tafsir al-Nu'mani , in chapters. Second part: about dhikr and its types, manners of supplication and its requirements, hirz , du'as for pains, Sahifat Idris , etc. Volumes 94 to 96 Kitab fi l-zakat wa l-sadaqa wa l-khums wa l-sawm about recommended practices of the year in chapters. Volumes 97 to Kitab fi l-hajj wa l-'umra , about hajj , 'umra , jihad , enjoining to the good and forbidding the evil , description and events of Medina , etc.
Volume Kitab fi l-mazar , about the ziyarahs narrated from the infallible Imams a in 64 chapters. Volume Kitab fi l-ahkam l-shar'iyya , about religious rulings to the book of diyat in 48 chapters. Volumes to Kitab fi l-ijazat , about permissions and the list of contents for al-Shaykh Muntajab al-Din al-Razi , a selection of al-Sayyid 'Ali Khan al-Madani 's Salafat al-'asr , beginning parts of al-Sayyid b. Mawla Nur al-Din Muhammad b. Murtada's Durar al-bihar Muhammad b. Husayn b.
Murtada Kashani's Muntakhab bihar al-anwar. Al-Mu'jam al-mufahras li alfaz ahdith bihar al-anwar , Qom, AH. Amin al-'Amili, al-Sayyid Muhsin al-. A'yan al-Shi'a. Beirut: Dar al-Ta'aruf, AH. Bahrani, Yusuf al-. Lu'luat al-bahrayn. Qom: Mu'assisat Al al-Bayt. Khomeini, Ruhollah.
Kashf al-asrar. Mahdawi, Muslih al-Din. Zindigi nama-yi 'Allami Majlisi. Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir al-. Bihar al-anwar. Beirut, Mu'assist al-Wafa', AH. Qumi, 'Abbas. Al-Kuna wa l-alqab. Tehran, Maktabat al-Sadr, Sh. Tihrani, Aqa Buzurg. Al-Dhari'a ila tasanif al-Shi'a. Beirut: Dar al-adwa', AH. Musakkin al-fu'ad. Kanz al-daqa'iq. Categories : Pages with script errors Featured articles Hadith literature Works of al-Allama al-Majlisi Written sources of the 17th century.
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Muhammad Baqir al-Majlisi. Script error: No such module "lang". Hadiths from Infallibles a. First by Muhammad Husayn Kumpani in 25 vol.
Title : Bahar Ul Anwar Volume 1
It is a hadith collection as the secondary source used beside the four books. Mohammad-Baqer Majlesi was born in in Isfahan. He was a student of Mulla Sadra. He has been described as the most powerful and influential Shia Ulems. Over books in Arabic and Persian were authored by him. Majlisi compiled it to gather all the ahadith he could access. His primary goal was to preserve the available knowledge for future generations.
THE PROMISED MAHDI: BIHAR-UL-ANWAR-VOL-51-52-53